Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 13. Number3.  September 2022                                     Pp.20-40

Full Paper PDF

Perceived Acceptance of Enacting Google Docs in an Online Collaborative EFL
Writing Classroom

English Language Study Program
Universitas Islam Negeri Mataram, Indonesia
Corresponding Author:

English Language Study Program
Universitas Islam Negeri Mataram, Indonesia


Received: 03/16/2022                     Accepted: 08/12/2022                Published:08/24/2022

Despite a plethora of studies on the use of Web 2.0 technology in the English language teaching (ELT) landscape during the Covid-19 pandemic, few have examined the extent to which students accept the enactment of Google Docs (GD) for collaborative writing. To fill this void, grounded in Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) theory (Davis, 1989), this study aimed to examine students’ perceived acceptance of GD enactment as a means of online collaborative English as a foreign language (EFL) writing practices. It sought to answer the following main research question: How did the students react to the enactment of Google Docs for collaborative writing in English during the Covid-19 pandemic in terms of Perceived Ease of Use (PEU), Perceived Usefulness (PU), Attitude towards Using (ATU), and Intention to Use (ITU)? The statistical evidence indicated that GD was user-friendly and useful for the students given the overall Mean score (M=6.0) and the significant effects of all the hypothetically tested variables, significantly influencing their behavior and intention to use the technology. The qualitative evidence showed that internet connection was their sole challenge and that more practical training on using GD would help them better operate it for such a pedagogical purpose. The study encapsulates the feasibility of enacting GD as a medium of online collaborative EFL writing practices in the age of the Covid-19 pandemic. Further research examining the acceptance of GD and other dependent variables, such as learning outcomes, engagement, motivation, and etc., in ELT context would be worthy of investigation.
Keywords: Covid-19, collaborative writing, English as a foreign language, English language teaching,  Google Docs, second language, technology acceptance model,  online, writing

Cite as: Syarifudin, S., & Husnawadi, H. (2022). Perceived Acceptance of Enacting Google Docs in an Online Collaborative EFL Writing Classroom . Arab World English Journal, 13 (3) 20-40.


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Received: 03/16/2022 
Accepted: 08/12/2022 
Published: 08/24/2022 

Dr. Syarifudin is an associate professor teaching at the English Language Study Program of the Faculty of Education and Teacher Training, State Islamic University of Mataram, Indonesia. His research interests are in the field of English Language Education and Applied linguistics, including English Language Teaching, micro-linguistics, and Technology Enhanced Language Learning.

Husnawadi, an English language lecturer, teaches at the English Language Study Program of the Faculty of Education and Teacher Training, State Islamic University of Mataram, Indonesia. He holds an MA in TESOL from Flinders University. His research interests include Teaching and Learning English using Technologies, Technology Enhanced Language Learning, Task-Based Language Teaching, TPACK, Flipped Classroom, and Digital Storytelling.