Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) 2nd Special Issue on Covid 19 Challenges January 2022            Pp.120-134

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Oral English Development in Virtual Class among Chinese Learners
through Three Ways of Talking 

Yang He
School of Education
Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor, Malaysia
Corresponding Author:

Abdul Rahim Salam
Language Academy
Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor, Malaysia


Received: 11/1/2021                      Accepted:  12/10/2021                    Published:1/24/2022


Chinese learners are poor at oral English owing to a lack of practice. There is a high demand for opportunities to practice oral English effectively. This study investigates the use of three educationally significant ways of talking to Chinese learners’ meaningful oral English development in one-to-one Computer- and Internet-Based Virtual Classes (CIBVC). It is a qualitative case study including two sets of data that contain 64 video-recorded lessons. One set of data are 32 class recordings from one participant as the primary data and the other are from another four participants as the supplementary data. Thematic analysis is employed to carry out this study and computer-assisted qualitative data analysis software is utilized to assist. The findings of this study discover effective ways of using the three ways of talking to conduct oral English teaching and learning practice. The results contribute to research into relating authentic communication in CIBVC to the discovery of effective oral English practice. Obtained practical implications are valuable references as predictors of successful teaching and learning outcomes.
Keywords: Chinese learners, cumulative talk, disputational talk, exploratory talk, oral English, virtual class

Cite as:   He, Y., &  Salam, A.  (2022). Oral English Development in Virtual Class among Chinese Learners through Three Ways of Talking. Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) 2nd Special Issue on Covid 19 Challenges (2) 120-134.


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Received: 11/1/2021 
Accepted: 12/10/2021  
Published: 1/24/2022  

Yang He is a full-time PhD candidate at School of Education, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia. She is interested in the research field of English education, technology in language learning, oral English teaching and learning.

Abdul Rahim Salam is an Associate Professor at Language Academy, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia. His research interests are computer integrated language lab/classroom, blended learning, flip classroom, computer mediated communication, technology supported face-to-face collaborative learning, and ESL teacher training.