Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 12. Number1  March 2021                                         Pp.  90-112

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Metacognitive Awareness of Reading Strategies on Second Language Vietnamese Undergraduates 

Hieu Manh Do
Department of English Language, Hong Bang International University
Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam
Correspondent Author: 

Huong Le Thu Phan
Department of English Language, Hong Bang International University
Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam


Received: 12/17/2020    Accepted: 2/13/2021                  published: 3/24/2021


Metacognitive awareness is considered a crucial factor in reading comprehension. In the present study, the quantitative research method was applied using descriptive statistics, T-test, and ANOVA to identify: (1) What is second language (L2) Vietnamese students’ metacognitive awareness of reading strategies? (2) Are there any significant differences between male and female L2 Vietnamese students in metacognitive awareness of reading strategies? (3) Are there any significant differences between good, medium, and poor L2 Vietnamese readers in metacognitive awareness of reading strategies? One hundred and twenty-three English-majored undergraduates of Hong Bang International University completed an online survey which discovers their frequencies of using problem-solving, global, and support reading strategies. They next took a comprehension test on the TOEIC format test, whose results were adopted to classify students into three levels, namely good, medium, and poor readers. Reading strategies usage mean scores were compared across three strategy types and these scores were collated between groups. Results showed; first, reading strategies were used in academic texts at medium frequency level with the high usage of problem-solving strategies, followed by medium usage of support and global reading strategies. Second, female readers showed a higher frequency of using support strategies than males did. Third, learners’ proficiency levels were found to predict the levels of metacognitive awareness in reading with high-reading-ability students applying reading strategies more frequently than poor-reading-ability ones. This is significant to indicate that instructors should integrate all three reading strategies in their teaching, especially, raising awareness of global and support reading strategies among Vietnamese learners.
Keywords: Metacognitive awareness, reading strategies, second language, Vietnamese undergraduates,
reading comprehension, Survey of Reading Strategies

Cite as:   Do, H. M., &  Phan, H. L. T . (2021). Metacognitive Awareness of Reading Strategies on Second Language Vietnamese Undergraduates.
Arab World English Journal, 12 (1) 90-112  .


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Received: 12/17/2020
Accepted: 2/13/2021  
Published: 3/24/2021

Hieu Do is a Lecturer in the Department of English Language at Hong Bang International University, Vietnam. He got MA TEFL at National Chung Cheng University, Taiwan in 2019. His main interests include English for Specific Purposes (ESP), English for Academic Purposes (EAP), Corpus Linguistics, and English language skills.

Huong Phan is a lecturer in American and British literature in the Department of English Language at Hong Bang International University, Vietnam. She earned her MA in TESOL and Applied Linguistics from Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, UK. Her main research interests are in the area of second language acquisition (SLA), specifically metacognitive awareness, task-based interaction, collaborative writing and written corrective feedback.