Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 15. Number 1, March 2024                           Pp.245-257
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol15no1.15

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Maintaining Unity in the Descriptive Paragraph Writing of Saudi EFL University
Students: Challenges and Remedies

Fawzi Eltayeb Yousuf Ahmed
Department of English Language, College of Science & Arts (Tanumah), King Khalid
University, Saudi Arabia.
Corresponding Author: feltayb12@gmail.com

Zahir Adam Daff Alla Ahmed
Department of English Language, Al-Rayan Colleges,(Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah), Saudi
Arabia

Elsadig Hussein Fadlalla Ali
Department of English Language, College of Science & Arts (Tanumah),

Sarah Osman Eltom Hamed
Department of English Language, College of Science & Arts (Tanumah), King Khalid
University, Saudi Arabia.

 

Received:11/30/2023         Accepted:02/21/2024                 Published: 03/20/2024

 Abstract:
The study analyzes unity in descriptive paragraphs written by Saudi EFL learners at King Khalid University to find out the causes of unity errors in descriptive paragraphs. Paragraph writing is one of the most essential aspects of second language learning writing because it allows students to put their knowledge into practice and systematically convey their ideas. A random sample of fourteen English language teachers and ten EFL students is selected. The study employs testing and structured interviews for data collection. Sample paragraph analysis shows that 70 % of the learners do not compose unified descriptive paragraphs, whereas 30 % of the students write unified paragraphs that discuss only one topic. The interview analysis demonstrates that the lack of unity in the student’s writing is a result of various factors, including the impact of the EFL university learners’ mother tongue on target language writing, as well as a lack of activities and practice of basic writing techniques. Most EFL instructors believe that the challenges significantly impede students writing proficiency and influence their ability to construct unified descriptive paragraphs. The study concludes with several recommendations for both EFL teachers and students, hoping that they address the students’ challenges in the descriptive paragraph unity.
Keywords: Challenges and remedies, descriptive paragraph, Saudi EFL students, unity, writing

Cite as: Ahmed, F. E.Y., Ahmed, Z. A.D., Ali, E. H. F., & Hamed, S. O. E. (2024). Maintaining Unity in the
Descriptive Paragraph Writing of Saudi EFL University Students: Challenges and Remedies.
Arab World English Journal, 15(1): 245-257.   DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol15no1.15

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Received: 11/30/2023  
Accepted: 02/21/2024
Published: 03/20/2024 
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8492-5654
https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol15no1.15 

Dr. Fawzi Eltayeb Yousuf Ahmed is an associate professor at King Khalid University, Saudi Arabia. He also worked as an associate professor at West Kordufan University in Sudan. Dr. Fawzi holds a Ph.D.  in English language teaching and curriculum from Sudan University of Science and Technology in 2010. He has published many research papers in refereed journals.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8492-5654

 Dr. Zahir Adam Daff Alla Ahmed is an assistant professor at Al-Rayan Colleges, Department of English Language, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. He worked as an assistant professor at Albaha University, College of Science & Arts, Department of English Language, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. He holds a Ph.D. in English Language Teaching from the Sudan University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Graduate Studies, in 2012. He has 19 years of teaching experience in universities. He has published several research papers in national and international journals. ORCID:  https://orcid.org/0009-0002-5667-7128

Dr. Elsadig Hussein Fadlalla Ali is an assistant professor at King Khalid University, Saudi Arabia. He worked as an associate professor at Dongola University in Sudan. Dr. Elsadig holds a Ph.D. in English Literature and a Ph.D. in Applied Linguistics. He has published in national and international journals and participated in many international conferences.
ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2002-0290

 Dr. Sarah Osman EltomHamed is an assistant professor at King Khalid University in Saudi Arabia. She also worked as an assistant professor at the National Ribat University in Sudan. She holds a Ph.D. in Applied Linguistics from the Sudan University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Graduate Studies, in 2017. She has published some papers in refereed journals.
ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8941-1516