Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume, 7 Number 1 March 2016                                      Pp..194 – 202


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         Magical Realism for Revolutionary Didactic Purposes in Ngugi’s Matigari



Oran University, Algeria



Abstract :
This paper attempts to explore the magical realist dimension of Ngugi’s novel Matigari . The major contention held in this paper is that Ngugi has used Magical Realism for a twofold purpose: to drive home his revolutionary message to the grassroots, and to serve his cultural revival mission. Magical realism has often been used to call for revolutionary praxis by Latin American writers. Again, since this literary mode relies on the use of myths, folklore, fantasy, and other traditional lore, it appealed to Ngugi who attempts to work for the retrieval of Gikuyu oral culture. In Matigari, Ngugi draws from both African and biblical mythology. From the former he borrowed the fable on which the story of the novel is patterned, and from the latter he has borrowed the savior motif, a motif that serves the revolutionary didacticism of the novel. In the main, in this novel, Ngugi fuses two literary genres: African oral and Western written.  He, however, contends that his novel belongs to African oral Literature.
Key Words: Biblical mythology, cultural revival, magical realism, revolutionary didacticism

Cite as: BOUHADIBA, M. (2017). Magical Realism for Revolutionary Didactic Purposes in Ngugi’s Matigari. Arab World English Journal, 8 (1).



Dr. Malika BOUHADIBA is a senior Lecturer at ORAN University, Algeria. She published 10
articles in different journals in Algeria. Published an article in Es Revisita de filologia, N° 31
(Villaloid Spain) in 2010. She published an article in the Arab World English Journal (Special
issue on Literature in December 2013). She took part in 12 international conferences in Algiers
outside Algeria.