Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Special Issue on the English Language in Ukrainian Context, November 2020   Pp.171-183
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/elt3.15

Full Paper PDF

 

  

Lingual Means of Imperative in the Lecture and Sermon Discourses

Nina Oleksandrivna Kravchenko
The Department of Theoretical and Applied Phonetics of the English Language, the Faculty of
the Romance-Germanic Philology
of Odesa National I. I. Mechnikov University,
Odesa, Ukraine

Kateryna Andriivna Bondarenko
The Department of Theoretical and Applied Phonetics of the English Language, the Faculty of
the Romance-Germanic Philology
of Odesa National I. I. Mechnikov University,
Odesa, Ukraine

 

Abstract:
The research aims to reveal the peculiarities of the linguistic means of imperative utterances which function in the lecture and sermon discourses. They encourage students/parishioners to engage in the learning process fully. The following tasks were formulated: to categorize imperative utterances in the view of characteristic features of the mentioned discourses; to characterize the lexical-syntactic peculiarities of each type of imperative phrases. The object of the research is an oral English-language institutional discourse of two kinds – academic (lecture) and religious (sermon). The subject of the study is the lexical and syntactic arrangement of imperative utterances in the lecture and sermon discourses. To achieve the aim, both general scientific and unique linguistic research methods found application. Conclusions of the study are as follows: the functioning of imperative utterances in the sermon and lecture discourse is determined by such linguistic and extralinguistic factors as the expressiveness/implicitness of the imperative constructions, the syntactic structure of the imperative constructions, the communicative-pragmatic orientation, and the targeted nature of the order/ localization of the imperative construction in the compositional text structure. In our work, direct and indirect explicit constructions, aimed at an immediate action, are viewed as operational imperative statements. According to the communicative-pragmatic orientation and considering the temporal signs, we distinguish two main types of motivation: simultaneous and post-communicative. The communicative-pragmatic orientation criterion also makes it possible to single out constructions intended to induce physical/mental impact (in lectures) and spiritual/mental impact (in sermons). The prospect of further investigation is studying non-verbal features of lecture and sermon discourses.
Keywords: imperatives, lecture/sermon discourse, linguistic means, learning process

Cite as:  Kravchenkoz,N. O., & Bondarenko,K. A. (2020). Lingual Means of Imperative in the Lecture and Sermon Discourses. Arab World English JournalSpecial Issue on English in Ukrainian Context. 171-183.
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/elt3.15

 References

Beljaeva, E. I. (1992). Grammar and pragmatics of motivation: English [Grammatika i pragmatika pobuzhdenija: anglijskij jazyk], Voronezh, Izd-vo Voronezh. gos. un-ta.

Condoravdi, C., Sven, L. (2012). Imperatives: Meaning and illocutionary force. Empirical Issues in Syntax and Semantics, ed. by Christopher Pin˜on, 9, 37–58, PaloAlto, Standford University Press.

Filatova, E. A. (1997). Motivational utterances as speech acts in modern Russian [Pobuditel’nye

 vyskazyvanija kak rechevye akty v sovremennom russkom jazyke : dis. … kand. filol. nauk:   10.02.01 ], Moscow, MGU.

Formanovskaja, N. I. (2007). Speech Interaction: Communication and Pragmatics [Rechevo  vzaimodejstvie: kommunikacija i  pragmatika], Moscow, «IKAR».

Franko, O. B. (2010). Imperative discourse (on the material of the 20th century artistic works of the twentieth century) [Sponukal’nij diskurs (na materіalі nіmec’komovnih hudozhnіh tvorіv  XX st.)], Kyiv, KNLU.    

Kaufmann, M. (2012). Interpreting imperatives. Studies in Linguistics and Philosophy, 88,  New York, Springer.

Kravchenko, N. A. (2016). On the status of theolinguistics in modern linguistics [K voprosu o  statuse teolingvistiki v sovremennom  jazykoznanii]. Zapiski z romano-germans’koї fіlologії [red. І. M. Kolegaєva], (2) 34, 27–35, Odesa, KP OMD.

Neustroev, K. S. (2008). Ways of expressing motivation and influence: on the material of modern

  English [Sposoby vyrazhenija pobuzhdenija i vozdejstvija: na materiale sovremennogo anglijskogo jazyka: avtoref. dis. na soisk. uch. step. kand. filol. nauk: spec. 10.02.19 «Teorija jazyka»], Rostov.

Sarancacral, C. (1993). Speech acts of motivation, their types and ways of expression in Russian [Rechevye akty pobuzhdenija, ih tipy i sposoby vyrazhenija v russkom jazyke : avtoref.   dis. … d-ra filol. Nauk], Moscow, MGU.

Shejgal, E. I. (2005). Power and speech communication [Vlast’ i rechevaja kommunikacija],  Izvestija RAN, Serija literatury i jazyka , 5, 38-45, Moscow, MGU.

Sjorl’ D. R. (1986). Classification of illocutionary acts [Klassifikacija illokutivnyh aktov]. Novoe vzarubezhnoj lingvistike,  17,  140-165, Moscow.

Velskij, A. V. (1953). Imperatives [Pobuditel’naja rech’], Jeksperimental’naja fonetika i       psihologija rechi, 1, 81-147, Moscow, Moscow Toreza University.

Share on facebook
Facebook
Share on twitter
Twitter
Share on linkedin
LinkedIn
Share on tumblr
Tumblr
Share on reddit
Reddit
Share on email
Email
Share on stumbleupon
StumbleUpon
Share on digg
Digg
https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/elt3.15
Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on tumblr
Share on digg
Share on email
Share on reddit
Share on stumbleupon
Share on vk

Nina Oleksandrivna Kravchenko: the head of the Department of Theoretical and Applied
Phonetics of the English Language on the Faculty of the Romance-Germanic Philology of Odesa
National I. I. Mechnikov University (Odesa, Ukraine). Major spheres of scientific interest: general
linguistics, Theolinguistics, theoretical phonetics.
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5713-1616