Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 11. Number1 March 2020                                                    Pp.91-102

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Learning Styles of Indonesian EFL Students: Culture and Learning 

Yana Shanti Manipuspika
Study Program of English, Faculty of Cultural Studies
Universitas Brawijaya
Malang, Indonesia



Learners’ success in language learning is affected by many factors, including age, aptitude, and intelligence, cognitive style, attitudes, motivation, and personality. Besides, learning strategies and learning styles also help to succeed in language learning. This paper discusses the learning style preferences of the first-year students at English Department Universitas Brawijaya Malang, Indonesia. There were two problems that attempted to be answered; first, what are the learning styles used by the students, and second, how influential is culture to the students’ learning. Barsch Learning Styles Inventory (BLSI) was employed as an instrument for 73 respondents. The results showed that more than 50% of respondents prefer visual mode, and the remaining were auditory learners, kinesthetic, and bimodal learners who combine visual and auditory modes in learning English. This might be affected by the culture of Indonesian learners that, in general, are accustomed to listening and reading instead of giving spaces to practice knowledge. Understanding the styles of learning can be very useful for the students to learn in the way they learn best through the activities. It will enable them to understand the course contents more comfortably so it can improve their motivation and language abilities, enjoy the learning process, decrease stress, and eventually get better achievement.
Keywords: auditory, bimodal, Barsch Learning Styles Inventory, culture, kinesthetic, learning styles, visual

Cite as:  Manipuspika, Y. M. (2020).  Learning Styles of Indonesian EFL Students: Culture and Learning. Arab World English Journal11 (1) 91-102


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Yana Shanti Manipuspika is a lecturer in Study Program of English Faculty of Cultural Studies
Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, East Java, Indonesia. She earned her Master Degree (2009) in
Applied Linguistics from The University of Newcastle, Australia. Her research and teaching
interests include Second Language Acquisition (SLA), Pragmatics, and Translation Studies.