Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) 2nd Special Issue on Covid 19 Challenges January 2022        Pp.492- 503

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Learning in the Algerian Context during the Pandemic: Is it online or offline?  

Nadia Ghounane
Department of English Language and Literature
Saida University, Algeria


Received: 12/25/2021                     Accepted:  1/18/2022                     Published:1/24/2022


The spread of the Covid-19 leads academic institutions all over the world to shift to online mode through educational platforms like Moodle, blackboard, and Teams or towards the informal ways of learning through YouTube and Social Networking Sites, mainly Facebook or through the inclusion of some apps like Zoom and Google meet. Algerian Universities also hasten to replace face-to-face with online mode. However, there are many challenges, among which is the absence of interaction between teachers and students since most of the lectures are posted in an asynchronous online mode. The study attempts to answer the main research question: Which learning mode is used in Algeria during the pandemic? The current paper tends to give an in-depth look at the teaching and learning situation of English in the Algerian context during the pandemic. It also sheds light on the nature of the learning mode. The researcher conducted the study with four universities from different regions in Algeria. Data were collected quantitatively and qualitatively using a questionnaire, an interview, and observation. Findings revealed that most universities use asynchronous online mode in learning. The analysis also demonstrated that the asynchronous mode affects EFL students’ motivation towards e-learning and raises their technostress since they have not developed e-learning readiness yet.
Keywords:  Algerian EFL learners, Covid-19 pandemic, e-readiness, offline learning, online learning, technostress

Cite as:    Ghounane, N.  (2022).  Learning in the Algerian Context during the Pandemic: Is it online or offline?  Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) 2nd Special Issue on Covid 19 Challenges (2) 492- 503.


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Received: 12/25/2021
Accepted: 1/18/2022 
Published: 1/24/2022

Dr Nadia GHOUNANE is a senior lecturer of English language and literature at Dr Moulay Tahar University of Saida, Algeria. Her field of interest includes ICT and teaching, CALL, MALL, teens’ language and the use of social media, academic writing, and publishing. ORCiD: