Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 12. Number2 June 2021 Pp. 222-237
Iraqi Kurd EFL Learners’ Uses of Conjunctive Adverbials in Essays
Awder Raza Aziz
Translation Techniques Department, Sulaimani Technical Institute
Sulaimani Polytechnic University
English Department, Komar University of Science and Technology, Sulaimani, Iraq
Rebaz Bahadeen Mohammed Nuri
Translation Techniques Department, Sulaimani Technical Institute,
Sulaimani Polytechnic University
Received: 3/29/2021 Accepted: 5/6/2021 Published:6/24/2021
The quality of any academic essay highly depends on cohesion and coherence since they affect the overall quality and the tone of the writing to a great extent. Conjunctive adverbials are among the types of devices which logically help linking sentences into paragraphs and paragraphs into essays. Conjunctive Adverbials ultimately affect the cohesion and coherence of any piece of writing. This paper investigates conjunctive adverbials in essays written by Iraqi Kurd EFL learners at the undergraduate level. It explicitly attempts to discover what specific conjunctive adverbials types are overused, underused, or misused and in what positions in sentences. A learner corpus of 50 complete essays was compiled for this study. The findings showed that the participants tended to use more sequential and additive conjunctive adverbials than adversative and causals. Additionally, the results demonstrated that the learners relied heavily on a limited number of conjunctive adverbials, mainly in the initial position. However, the conjunctive adverbial category affects its place in the sentence.
Keywords: Academic writing, adverbial conjuncts, corpus study, discourse markers, Kurd EFL learners
Cite as: Aziz, A.R., & Nuri, R. B. M. (2021). Iraqi Kurd EFL Learners’ Uses of Conjunctive Adverbials in Essays.
Arab World English Journal, 12 (2) 222-237.
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