Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 10. Number 4 December 2019                                  Pp.238 -250

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Investigating the Students’ Writing Ability in Responding to Environmental Issue

Lestari Setyowati
English Education Study Program, STKIP PGRI Pasuruan,
Pasuruan, East Java, Indonesia

Sony Sukmawan
Indonesian Language and Literature Education Study Program
Faculty of Cultural Studies,
University of Brawijay, Malang, East Java, Indonesia 

Ana Ahsana El-Sulukiyyah
 English Education Study Program, STKIP PGRI Pasuruan
Pasuruan,  East Java, Indonesia



The purpose of this study is to investigate Foreign Language (FL) learners’ ability in writing an essay by using an environmental topic in terms of how they write the introduction, the body of the piece, and conclusion through content analysis design. Twenty-nine students, who took an academic writing class in the academic year 2019-2020 in a private College of Teachers Training and Education (STKIP PGRI) in Pasuruan, Indonesia, become the sample of the study. The result shows that to write the introductory paragraph, the majority of the students (69%) uses general way to open the essay, while the rest prefers questions (24%) and anecdote (7%). The result also shows that almost all the students can state their thesis statement (97%). The body of the essay is organized by using a cause-effect relationship (17%), reasoning (38%), problem-solution (10%), and the combination of those (35%).  Moreover, almost all the paragraphs in the body of the essay have their topic sentences (90%).  In terms of the concluding section, all students can provide proper conclusions for their essays by using recommendation or advice (48%), summary (48%), and hope (4%). In sum, using an environmental topic can help the students to write better because the issue is close and personal. Furthermore, the issue triggers students’ self-awareness to protect their environment.
Keywords: environmental issue, essay, writing ability, writing elements

Cite as: Setyowati, L.,  Sukmawan, S., & El-Sulukiyyah, A. A. (2019). Investigating the Students’ Writing Ability in Responding to Environmental Issue.
Arab World English Journal10 (4) 238 -250.


Lestari Setyowati is a fulltime lecturer of the College of Teacher Training and Education (STKIP)
PGRI Pasuruan, East Java, Indonesia. She earned her Bachelor’s degree (2000), Master’s degree
(2005), and Doctoral degree (2016) in ELT from State University of Malang. Her subjects’
interests are EFL Writing, Instructional media, literature and ELT. ORCID iD.