Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Proceedings of  2nd  MEC TESOL Conference   2020                   Pp.259-272

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Investigating Omani College Teachers’ Perspective on Critical Media Literacy 

Asma Al Aufi
Centre for Foundation Studies
Middle East College, Muscat, Oman



Despite the numerous benefits presented within Critical Media Literacy (CML) in understanding societies, cultures, and even our values globally, the lack of teacher preparation, including English language teachers, in teaching (CML) skills remains noteworthy. Such education could arm teachers with sufficient media literacy competence to pass on to students’ capabilities in democratic self-expression and social progress. The research gap that exists, therefore, leads to this qualitative research study where the aim is to explore how a group of five College EFL teachers in a Middle Eastern institution in Oman relate to critical media awareness. This is by deconstructing a US film entitled ‘Freedom Writers’ (2007) to discuss issues related to social injustice, prejudice, and violence in society. The method used to collect data was semi-structured interviews. The interview questions, guided by a semiotic Inquiry Graphics (IG) approach, aimed to capture those EFL teachers’ interpretations, values, and beliefs relevant to CML and their subsequent intentions to teach CML in their future English classrooms. The findings suggest that although the teachers demonstrated positive attitudes and increased awareness of CML, they lacked confidence in applying it and needed to expand their perceptions of CML further. Generally, they viewed CML as being helpful for students in its ability to develop their criticality and citizenship. However, the teachers stressed the harsh realities of a packed curriculum and restrictive program requirements that may obstruct any comprehensive implementation of CML education at a university level, an issue that merits further consideration.
Keywords: Critical media literacy (CML), EFL teachers, social justice, semiotics, inquiry graphics (IG) approach

Cite as: Al Aufi, A. (2020). Investigating Omani College Teachers’ Perspective on Critical Media Literacy. Arab World English Journal(AWEJ). Proceedings of 2nd MEC TESOLConference 2020. 259-272.


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Asma Al Aufi is a senior lecturer in the Centre for Foundation Studies at Middle East College. She is a
Master’s graduate in Applied Linguistics and TESOL from Newcastle University (UK). Currently she is a
PhD candidate at Lancaster University, doing research on Higher Education, policy and practice. Her
research interests also cover the field of ELT in different environments of HEI’s.