Arab World English Journal (August 2019)                                      Theses ID 236                              Pp. 1-88
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/th.236

Abstract PDF

Full Theses PDF

 

Investigating Native English Speakers’ Perception of Novel Arabic Phonemes after First
Exposure

 

 Hala Alwohaibi
College of languages and translation
King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Author:   Hala Alwohaibi
Thesis Title: Investigating Native English Speakers’ Perception of Novel Arabic Phonemes after First Exposure
Subject/major:
 Second Language Acquisition/ Linguistics
Institution: 
 Newcastle University, School of English Literature, Language and Linguistics
Degree:
 Master Degree with Distinction from Newcastle University, UK
Year of award:
  2016
Supervisor: 
Professor Martha Young-Scholten
Key Words: Phonology, L2 speech perception, L1 feature geometry, first exposure of L2

 

Abstract:
This study reports on an experiment carried out to investigate native English speakers’ perception of selected Arabic phonemes after first exposure to a controlled naturalistic input of a weather report. It closely follows Brown’s model of L2 speech perception and L1 feature geometry (1998), which seeks to relate theories of segmental phonology to L2 speech perception and the first exposure treatment of Gullberg et al. (2010). Eight Arabic sounds were carefully selected for the experiment: /b/-/d/ which are found in both English and Arabic; /x/-/ɣ/ which are not found in English but are distinguished by features which are distinctive in English [dorsal, voice, continuant], and lastly the contrastive pairs /ʔ/-/ʕ/ and /h/-/ħ/, where the latter phoneme in each pair is alien to the phonemic inventory of English. These pairs are distinguished by the feature [RTR (retracted tongue root)] which is lacking in the feature geometry of English. Participants were divided into an Arabic control group, English+ group with prior exposure to Arabic, and an English group with no prior exposure to Arabic. The results from an AX discrimination task confirmed Brown’s hypothesis that L2 perception of non-native contrasts is constrained by the L1 feature geometry.

Cite as:  Alwohaibi, H. (2016). Investigating Native English Speakers’ Perception of Novel Arabic Phonemes after First Exposure. Newcastle University, School of English Literature, Language and Linguistics. (Master Thesis). Retrieved from Arab World English Journal (ID Number: 236.August 2019, 1-88. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/th.236

Share on facebook
Facebook
Share on twitter
Twitter
Share on linkedin
LinkedIn
Share on tumblr
Tumblr
Share on reddit
Reddit
Share on email
Email
Share on stumbleupon
StumbleUpon
Share on digg
Digg
https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/th.236
Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on tumblr
Share on digg
Share on email
Share on reddit
Share on stumbleupon
Share on vk