Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 10. Number 3 September 2019                                         Pp. 413-428

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Improving Postgraduates’ Academic Writing Skills with Summarizing Strategy

Edhah Numan Khazaal
Department of International Economic Relations
College of Political Sciences,
University of Al-Nahrain, Baghdad, Iraq



Writing is one of the essential poles of language learning, and should be one of the senior interest, and concern to teachers, students, and researchers. The purpose of this study is to identify the effect of using the summarizing strategy on postgraduates ‘learners. To develop the summary writing skills, two months implementation is applied to twenty Iraqi postgraduates ‘learners, who are studying English as a foreign language (EFL) .The participants were from two departments in the college of political sciences at A-Nahrain University, Iraq, during the academic year 2018-2019. It was carried out in a single-group pre-post-test model only. A pre-test on summary writing conducted to participants a week before the summarizing strategy applied. The experimental process of the study lasted eight weeks, where the participants received 16 treatment sessions. Five different passages choose from their textbook (Headway for Academic Skills Level3), which was recommended by the university. The selected written passage for post-test was “globalization.” The participants asked to summarize the passage within 45 minutes according to the new strategy. Data of the summary written test collected, and scored according to the five criteria such as; (grammar, vocabulary, organizing, content, and coherence). The findings of the study indicated that the summarizing strategy has a significant effect on postgraduates’ learners in academic writing skills, so it is recommended that this strategy be applied in the curriculum of our schools and universities.
Keywords: Academic writing skills, EFL summarizing strategy, Iraqi postgraduates’ students

Cite as: Khazaal, E. N. (2019). Improving Postgraduates’ Academic Writing Skills with Summarizing Strategy.
Arab World English Journal10 (3) 413-428.


Dr. Edhah Numan Khazaal, is an Assistant Professor of Applied Linguistics at the Department of
International Economic Relations, College of Political Sciences, University of Al-Nahrain. Baghdad –Iraqi. I received my Ph.D. in Applied Linguistics from the College of Education for Human
Sciences, Baghdad University. I have been teaching English as a foreign language and English for
Specific Purposes (ESP) since 2000 till current.