Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Special Issue on CALL Number 6. July 2020                         Pp. 228- 247

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 Improving Paragraph Writing Skills of Saudi EFL University Students Using Flipped
Classroom Instruction

Bala Swamy Chatta
Department of English
College of Sciences and Humanities
Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Al Kharj, Saudi Arabia

 Mohammad Imdadul Haque
Department of Management
College of Business Administration
Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Al Kharj, Saudi Arabia





The study aims to examine the effect of Flipped Classroom Instruction in improving the paragraph writing skills of Saudi EFL students. Level-1 Writing course (NAJM 163) students of Business College are the participants of the study. Two sections of the course were selected randomly, and control and experimental groups were formed. A mixed-method supported for the collection of data using pre and posttests for the two groups, a questionnaire, and a group discussion with the experimental group. The topics from the textbook were identified, and videos selected from YouTube are shared with the experimental group through the E-Learning portal of the university called Blackboard. The control group was taught using the traditional method consisting of classroom lectures and doing exercises and practice at home. The findings showed that there is a significant difference between the control and experimental groups statistically. The experimental group students wrote better paragraphs, and there is a considerable improvement in their writing. The students and the instructor showed a positive attitude towards Flipped Classroom Instruction. Therefore, the present study recommends that implementing flipped classroom instruction in the EFL university classrooms of Saudi Arabia improves paragraph writing skills of students.
Keywords: Blended learning, Educational technology, flipped classroom, paragraph writing, Saudi EFL students, technology-integrated learning

Cite as Chatta, B. S., & Haque, M. I. (2020). Improving Paragraph Writing Skills of Saudi EFL University Students Using Flipped Classroom Instruction. Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Special Issue on CALL (6).  228- 247.


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Bala Swamy Chatta is a lecturer in Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, Al Kharj, Kingdom
of Saudi Arabia. He has 15 years of experience in teaching English in various colleges and
universities. He is an expert in English literature, teaching LSRW skills and Grammar. He has
published around ten research papers in various international journals in the areas of literature and ELT. ORCID:

Dr. Mohammad Imdadul Haque is an Associate Professor and Head of the Management
Department, College of Business Administration at Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Saudi
Arabia. He has published more than thirty-five research papers in journals of international repute and awarded eight funded university projects to his credit in the last 12 years of his teaching and
research experience. ORCID: