Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 14. Number 3 September 2023                                  Pp.50-65

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   “Golden Curriculum” Instructional Design Competency Framework based on College
English Award-Winning
Instructional Design

 Jimiao Yan
School of Education, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Malaysia
Liren College of Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao, China
Corresponding Author:

Ahmad Johari Bin Sihes
School of Education, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Malaysia

Yan Zhang
School of Foreign Languages
Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao, China


Received: 05/05/2023             Accepted: 06/30/2023             Published: 09/24/2023


The importance of instructional design competency for university lecturers of English as a Foreign Language in delivering Higher-ordered, Innovative, and Challenging courses within the Golden Curriculum context in China cannot be underestimated. However, research in this area is limited, posing the need for teachers to reskill and upskill themselves to improve their teaching competencies. Therefore, this study aims to develop an instructional design competency framework based on a content analysis of 18 national award-winning instructional designs from the Star Teacher Contest between 2020 and 2022, using NVivo12 software. The framework encompasses four key elements: learning and learners, learning objectives, learning activities, and learning assessment. The findings emphasize the importance of understanding learning theories, employing scaffolding techniques, and catering to learners’ characteristics to support their academic progress. Moreover, the framework highlights the significance of fostering critical thinking and cross-cultural communication competencies, creating challenging yet feasible tasks, and using various assessment tools that incorporate real-life learning outcomes. By using this instructional design competency framework, teachers can enhance their teaching competencies and effectively implement the Golden Curriculum. Furthermore, educational institutions can use the framework to provide targeted support and training to teachers, enabling a successful integration of the Golden Curriculum into their English teaching programs.
Keywords: award-winning, college English, golden curriculum, higher ordered-innovative-challenging,
instructional design

Cite as:   Yan, J., Sihes, A. J.B., & Zhang, Y. (2023). “Golden Curriculum” Instructional Design Competency Framework based on College English Award-Winning Instructional Design.  Arab World English Journal, 14 (3) 50-65.


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Received: 05/05/2023   
Accepted: 06/30/2023
Published: 09/24/2023  

Jimiao Yan is a PhD candidate in Curriculum and Instruction at School of Education in Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia. She is an associate professor at Liren College of Yanshan University, China. Her areas of interests are Curriculum and Instruction.  ORCID:

 Dr. Ahmad Johari Bin Sihes is an associate professor at School of Education in Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities Universiti Teknologi Malaysia. Actively involved as a curriculum developer, his areas of interests are in Curriculum and Instruction.

Yan Zhang is an associate professor at the School of Foreign Studies, Yanshan University, China. Her areas of interests are English teaching, English education, and teacher professional development. ORCID: