Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 14. Number 1 March 2023                                             Pp. 183-198

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Gender Stereotypes in Moroccan EFL Textbooks’ Illustrations: Content and
Critical Image Analysis

 Hassane Benlaghrissi
    Faculty of Letters and Human Sciences
Sultan Moulay Slimane University, Benni Mellal, Morocco


Received:6/11/2022           Accepted:01/11/2023                 Published: 03/24/2023


Textbooks have always been influential in transmitting knowledge and values in modern education systems. However, they may transmit various gender-based stereotyped roles that could negatively affect learners in shaping their worldview. Accordingly, this study investigates gender stereotypes in the visual discourse of one English as a Foreign Language (EFL) textbook currently used in Moroccan secondary schools. It does so by looking at male/female appearance in the textbook illustrations. It also considers gender differences in occupations and roles. Moreover, the study employs a qualitative critical image analysis to selected images based on Giaschi’s (2000) model analysis. To this end, the research comprises quantitative content analysis and qualitative critical image analysis. The findings show less visibility of female characters in illustrations, ascribing them to gender-based traditional occupations and subordinate roles. Besides, the qualitative critical image analysis reveals that women still suffer from misrepresentation by depicting them as dependent, submissive, and needing help. The study contains, in the end, recommendations for promoting gender equality through textbooks in Morocco.
Keywords: critical image analysis, Moroccan EFL textbooks, gender stereotypes, illustrations, visual discourse

Cite as:  Benlaghrissi, H. (2023). Gender Stereotypes in Moroccan EFL Textbooks’ Illustrations: Content and Critical Image Analysis.
Arab World English Journal, 14 (1): 183-198.


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Received: 6/11/2022 
Accepted: 01/11/2023
Published: 03/24/2023     

Hassane Benlaghrissi is a Ph.D. student at Sultan Moulay Slimane University, Benni
Mellal, Morocco. He is also a high school teacher at Tazizaoute High School, El Kbab,
Khenifra. He earned his MA degree in Women’s and Gender Studies from Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah University in Fez. He earned his BA in linguistics from Moulay Ismail University in Meknes. His research interests include ICT and Education, Teaching Materials Evaluation, and Language Teaching and Gender Studies. ORCID: