Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 13. Number3.  September 2022                                  Pp.285-295

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Gender Differences in Written Communication Anxiety among Libyan Postgraduates
in Malaysia

Ahmad Taufik Hidayah Abdullah
Faculty of Languages and Communication
Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Malaysia

Kharima Saleh Issa Alsohbo
Faculty of Languages and Communication
Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Malaysia

Isyaku Hassan
Faculty of Languages and Communication
Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Malaysia


Received: 04/19/2022                        Accepted: 08/16/2022                    Published:09/24/2022


Writing represents an essential language skill. However, anxiety is often an obstacle to students’ positive writing outcomes. In Libya, students face detrimental challenges in English writing due to factors such as a high level of Foreign Language Anxiety (FLA) which affects their written communication performance. This study, therefore, aims to examine gender differences in the level of written communication anxiety amongst Libyan postgraduates studying in Malaysian universities. The study employed a descriptive survey in which a self-administered questionnaire was used as a data-collection tool. The analysis was performed using descriptive statistics, including frequency and the Chi-square test. The findings revealed that most Libyan postgraduates in Malaysia experience a moderate level of writing anxiety, whereas none of them experience a low anxiety level. Additionally, no significant differences exist between male and female students regarding the level of written communication anxiety. It is hoped that this study could provide useful information that can be used by instructors to help students overcome writing anxiety and achieve positive learning outcomes. Nevertheless, this analysis is limited to gender differences in the level of written communication anxiety across gender and does not consider the types of anxiety experienced by Libyan postgraduates, which can be an important step for further investigation.
Keywords: Communication, foreign language anxiety, gender differences, Libyan postgraduate students,
Malaysian universities, writing skills

Cite as:   Abdullah, A.T.H., Alsohbo, K. S.I., &   Hassan, I.  (2022). Gender Differences in Written Communication Anxiety among Libyan Postgraduates in Malaysia. Arab World English Journal, 13 (3) 285-295.


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Received: 04/19/2022  
Accepted: 08/16/2022   
Published: 09/24/2022   

Dr. Ahmad Taufik Hidayah Abdullah is a Senior Lecturer at the Faculty of Languages and Communication, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA), Malaysia. His areas of research interest include public speaking, English linguistics, error analysis, and language learning. 

Kharima Saleh Issa Alsohbo is a PhD candidate at the Centre for English Language Studies, Faculty of Languages and Communication, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA), Malaysia. She researches how writing anxiety affects the English writing performance of Libyan postgraduate students. 

Dr. Isyaku Hassan is a Postdoctoral Researcher at the Faculty of Languages and Communication, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA), Malaysia. He is an active researcher with a keen interest in media linguistics, interactive media, and language studies.