Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 9. Number 4. December 2018                                   Pp.433- 446

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 Foreign Language Learners’ Attitudes and Perceptions of L1 Use in L2 Classroom 

Maram S. Almohaimeed
English Language Skills Department
Common First Year Deanship
King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

 Huda M. Almurshed
Department of English Language and Literature
College of Arts
King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia




Whether to avoid learners’ first language (L1) or to make use of it in the second language (L2) classes is a controversial issue. Some studies have challenged the effectiveness of the monolingual approach to foreign language learning. This study investigates Saudi university learners’ attitudes and perceptions towards incorporating their L1(Arabic) in English class. This study also sheds light into the relationship between students’ perceptions and proficiency level in the target language. To this end, Gaebler’s questionnaire (2014) was administered to 60 female learners studying in the preparatory year at a Saudi university. They were from three different English proficiency levels. The results showed that advanced learners hold a negative attitude towards the use of L1 in their English classes, whereas elementary and intermediate learners generally perceive the judicious use of their L1 positively.
Keywords: learners’ attitudes, Learning foreign language, L1 use, monolingual approach, role of L1 

Cite as:   Almohaimeed, M.S., & Almurshed, H. M. (2018). Foreign Language Learners’ Attitudes and Perceptions of L1 Use in L2 Classroom.
Arab World English Journal, 9 (4), 433- 446.



Maram S. Almohaimeed is a Teaching Assistant at King Saud University (KSU). She has
obtained her B.A. degree in English Language from College of Languages and Translation at KSU.
She then has earned her M.A. degree in Applied Linguistics from KSU. Her research interests
revolve around foreign language teaching and learning.