AWEJ Volume.4 Number.3, 2013                                                                    Pp.317- 330

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Exploring Indonesian College Students Strategies in Learning English Language
Aunurrahman

STKIP-PGRI Pontianak
Jln. Ampera, Rektorat STKIP-PGRI Pontianak, Kalimantan Barat
Indonesia

Tri Kurniawati
STKIP-PGRI Pontianak
Jln. Ampera, Rektorat STKIP-PGRI Pontianak, Kalimantan Barat,
Indonesia

Yulia Ramadhiyanti
STKIP-PGRI Pontianak
Jln. Ampera, Rektorat STKIP-PGRI Pontianak, Kalimantan Barat
Indonesia

 

Abstract
This study explored college students strategies in learning English language. Two questions were presented. The first question is what strategies are used by the students in learning English language and the second question is how do the students use strategies in learning English language. To answer the first question, 201 college students gave respond on Strategy Inventory For Language Learning (SILL) questionnaire. Then, to answer the last question, five students participated in think aloud protocol (TAP) sessions. The data analysis from SILL questionnaire showed that the students were medium user of strategies in learning English language. The strategies then ranked from social strategies, followed by metacognitive, cognitive, affective, compensation, and memory strategies at the latter position. Then, to find out how do the students use strategies in learning English language, think aloud protocol (TAP) sessions with inter rater reliability 0.858 presented that the students made use of three major strategies in learning English language, cognitive strategies, metacognitive strategies, and compensation strategies. These three strategies were used by the students in three different activities (understanding reading passage, dealing with unfamiliar words or phrases and self-awareness) as the study was limited to reading skills. In conclusion, the students made use of different strategies when doing particular task given to them. At this point, students in some ways have the ability to learn by themselves, that is by using strategies as lecturers cannot always facilitate students’ learning, especially when lecturers teach large class.

Keywords: English language, English language learning, individual differences, language learning strategies, strategy in learning, psychology of language learner

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Aunurrahman is a lecturer at English Language Education Study Program of STKIP-PGRI
Pontianak, West Borneo, Indonesia. He has master’s degree (M.Pd) in English language Education
from State University of Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia. He has taught EFL for undergraduate
students for three years. His current research interest are in EFL teacher education, writing, and
individual differences.
Tri Kurniawati is a lecturer at English Language Education Study Program of STKIP-PGRI
Pontianak, West Borneo, Indonesia. She has master’s degree (M.Pd) in English language Education
from State University of Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia She has taught EFL for undergraduate
students for three years. Her current research interest are in EFL teacher education, reading, and
language testing.
Yulia Ramadhiyanti is a lecturer at English Language Education Study Program of STKIP-PGRI
Pontianak, West Borneo, Indonesia. She has master’s degree (M.Pd) in English language Education
from State University of Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia. She has taught EFL for undergraduate
students for three years. Her