AWEJ Volume.5 Number.4, 2014                                                                 Pp.64- 83

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Explicit Grammar Teaching Pays off: the Case of Moroccan EFL University Students


Abdelmajid Bouziane
Meriem Harrizi
Department of English Studies
Faculty of Letters and Humanities Ben M’sik, Casablanca
Hassan II University of Casablanca, Morocco

This article investigates Moroccan university students’ grammatical competence. It verifies a hypothesis stating that after at least five years of explicit instruction of grammar, students should still retain grammatical knowledge. To do so, Swan and Baker’s Grammar Scan Expert tests were administered to 73 students almost a year after their last course of grammar. Results show that they scored quite well in some structures and that they benefited from both explicit and implicit instruction. However, they scored lower than expected in the grammar structures covered in the four grammar courses they had taken in semesters 1 through 4.
Key wordsArab learners, explicit instruction, learning EFL grammar


Meriem Harrizi holds a master in ESL and Applied Linguistics from University of South
Florida. She is finalizing her doctorate. She is an assistant professor at the English Studies
department, Hassan II University, Faculty of Arts and Human Sciences, Casablanca, Morocco.
Ms. Harizi has taught a variety of subjects such as Grammar, English Syntax, General linguistics,
Applied Linguistics, Public Speaking and Media Studies, to name a few.