Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 13. Number1.  March 2022                                         Pp. 56-71

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English Language Learning Strategies during COVID-19 in the Middle East: A Systematic

Mohammad N. Khreisat
Department of English
College of Arts and Science (Tabarjal Branch)
Jouf University, Saudi Arabia

Received: 12/9/2021                Accepted: 2/20/2022                   Published: 3/24/2022


The recent pandemic has forced the educational sector to unwillingly reform its strategies by compelling it to embrace technology as the savior of the educational process. COVID-19 has adversely affected this sector by forcing a halt to all face-to-face learning in educational institutes, which led to dependence solely on online education and adopting strategies fit solely to distant learning. Thus, this paper has focused on the English language learning strategies adopted during Covid-19. Moreover, this research aims to provide the latest information about online teaching strategies adopted during the COVID-19 pandemic by English language instructors in Asia, especially in Middle Eastern countries. This study is qualitative in nature and utilizes the systematic literature review approach. The data for this research was gathered from renowned databases to maintain reliability. The results highlighted that among many strategies, three are most important in teaching the English language during COVID-19, first is collaborative learning (i.e., breakout classes, cloud-based collaboration), the second is flipped classroom, and the final is scaffolding. In the end, the study concluded with the recommendation as the findings of this research can help policymakers and educationists in developing effective or efficient strategies for tackling tough situations or pandemics.
Keywords: collaborative learning, covid-19, English language strategies, online teaching, pandemics

Cite as:   Khreisat, M.N. (2022).  English Language Learning Strategies during COVID-19 in the Middle East: A Systematic Review.
Arab World English Journal, 13 (1) 56-71.


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Received: 12/9/2021
Accepted: 2/20/2022
Published: 3/24/2022  
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Mohammad N. Khreisat is an Assistant Professor of Applied Linguistics in the English Department at Jouf University, Saudi Arabia. He teaches courses such as applied linguistics, research methodology, morphology, sociolinguistics and semantics. His research interests include reading attitudes, reading strategies, language development, language anxiety, language acquisition and CALL.
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