Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 14. Number 1 March 2023 Pp.458-475
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English Language and Communicative Proficiency of Saudi Tourism and Hospitality
Students: A Present Situation Analysis
Eidhah Abdullah Al-Malki
Foreign Languages Department, College of Arts
Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
Received:10/22/2022 Accepted:03/03/2023 Published: 03/24/2023
This study investigates the level of proficiency of Saudi tourism undergraduates in various language skills and sub-skills, grammar, and tourism vocabulary. It also evaluates the present teaching materials used at the colleges of Truism and hospitality. A mixed-methods approach has been used in this study. A Likert-scale questionnaire was administered to two hundred nine (n=209) STU to gather quantitative data. The qualitative data was generated by interviewing one vice dean of academic affairs, one head of the English department, and 10 teachers. Both instruments were self-developed and standard procedures were followed to determine their content validity and reliability. The descriptive analyses were run to interpret the quantitative data whereas the qualitative data were presented through verbal responses of the participants. The results have informed that speaking and listening skills are the weakest followed by writing and reading skills respectively. They are also weak in English grammar, tourism-related vocabulary, and various language sub-skills. The teaching materials presently taught at the colleges of tourism and hospitality in Saudi Arabia do not suit their specific tourism needs. It is strongly recommended that indigenous teaching materials should be developed to meet the professional needs of Saudi tourism undergraduates taking into consideration their present proficiency in various language skills, sub-skills, tourism-related vocabulary and grammar. Furthermore, the local and cultural requirements and preferences of Saudi tourism undergraduates should be considered while developing the teaching materials to ensure effective English language practices.
Keywords: communicative proficiency, ESP teaching materials, hospitality students, present situation analysis, tourism
Cite as: Al-Malki, E. A. (2023). English Language and Communicative Proficiency of Saudi Tourism and Hospitality Students: A Present Situation Analysis. Arab World English Journal, 14 (1) 458-475.
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