Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 11. Number4  December 2020                                           Pp.144- 162

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English – Algerian Arabic Code-switching in EFL Classroom: Case of  EFL Teachers and
Students in the Department of English at Tlemcen University, Algeria


Fatima Zohra ADDER
University of Tlemcen
Faculty of Letters and Foreign Languages
Department of English

University Centre of Naama – Salhi Ahmed –
Faculty of Letters and Languages
Department of Foreign Languages



The main aim of the present paper is to provide an in-depth look at the relationship between English and Algerian Arabic (L1) in an EFL classroom in the department of English at Tlemcen University, Algeria. In this regard, the researchers try to determine the reasons and functions behind the use of Code-Switching among EFL teachers and students of English to Algerian Arabic. To conduct this research work, the researchers collected data through an interview that was conducted with 16 teachers of Comprehension and Oral Expression, Literature, and Civilization in the Department of English at Tlemcen University in Algeria, and supported by a classroom observation of students with the same teachers. Findings revealed that the use of Algerian Arabic is inevitable. Teachers’ responses exhibit negative attitudes towards English-Algerian Arabic code-switching in class, but they do not deny its integration as a pedagogical necessity to explain difficult words and expressions that are hard to be grasped in the target language. The results also showed that teachers peacefully attempt to get their students accustomed to lectures delivered in English solely by avoiding translation and applying the direct method of TEFL. Furthermore, they declare that infrequent use of AA is beneficial to foster students’ academic achievements and language skills development.
Keywords: Algerian Arabic, attitudes, Code-switching, English, functions of code-switching, Tlemcen EFL classroom

Cite as: ADDER, F. Z., BAGUI, H. (2020). English – Algerian Arabic Code-switching in EFL Classroom: Case of  EFL Teachers and Students in the Department of English at Tlemcen University, Algeria  Arab World English Journal11 (4) 144- 162.


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Dr. Fatima Zohra Adder is an assistant professor of sociolinguistics at Tlemcen University,
Tlemcen, Algeria. Her areas of interest include teaching sociolinguistics, phonetics, written
expression, and linguistics. She supervises Master theses in sociolinguistics. She published some
papers about sociolinguistic variation, language contact, endangered languages, and didactics.