Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 13. Number 4 December 2022                                             Pp.3-23

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Empowerment of Saudi Women in Secondary School English Language Books:  An
Analytical Study

Maysoon A. Dakhiel
 Department of Curriculum and Instruction of English Language, Faculty of Education,
University of Jeddah, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Corresponding author:

Somaya A. Ahmed
 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences
University of Jeddah, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia


Received:08/28/2022         Accepted:11/15/2022                 Published:12/15/2022


The current research aimed to investigate the degree to which women’s empowerment dimensions (social, economic, political, and women’s issues) are addressed through English language books in Saudi secondary education. It raised a question on the extent to which women’s empowerment dimensions are addressed in secondary English language books. The authors followed the descriptive analytical research design. The research utilized a checklist of (19) indicators describing women’s empowerment dimensions (social, economic, political, and women’s issues). The checklist was designed to measure women’s empowerment dimensions in the content and activities in English language books by inferring them from the units of analysis considered in the current research – paragraphs and pictures. Results showed that in the first year of secondary school, political empowerment was ranked first, whereas economic empowerment was ranked last. Additionally, in the second year, women’s issues were ranked first, followed by political empowerment, then economic empowerment was ranked last. In the third year, social empowerment came in the first rank meanwhile political empowerment came in the last rank. The study concluded a need to re-evaluate and update the curricula and textbooks regarding women in line with the national goals for women. It is a significant study because it addresses empowering Saudi women in EFL textbooks. It recommends including basic issues, especially woman-related ones, in EFL textbooks.
Keywords: Empowerment dimensions, EFL curricula, English language books, Saudi women, women’s empowerment

Cite as:  Dakhiel, M. A. & Ahmed, S. A. (2022). Empowerment of Saudi Women in Secondary School English Language Books:  An Analytical Study. Arab World English Journal, 13 (4) 3-23.


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Received: 08/28/2022
Accepted: 11/15/2022 
Published: 12/15/2022   

Dr. Maysoon Dakhiel is an Associate Professor of Curriculum and Instruction of English Language. She was an assistant director center for counseling and career services 2003. She was a head of Academic Accreditation and Assessment unit, Girl’s college of Education, 2004-2007. She was a member of the Scientific Committee team for women empowerment diploma 2021. ORCID ID:

Dr. Somaya Ahmed is an Associate Professor of Educational Psychology. She got her Bachelor of Science and Education (May 1985) from the Faculty of Education in Minya, Minya University. She has a Special Diploma in Education in 1987, (specializing in Education and Psychology) from the Faculty of Education in Minya, Minya University. ORCID ID: