Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Special Issue on CALL Number 6. July 2020                             Pp. 212-227

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Effect of Using Whiteboard Animation in Project-Based Learning on Indonesian EFL
Students’ English Presentation Skills across Creativity Levels

Fatimatus Suhroh
Graduate Program in English Language Teaching
Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, Indonesia
SMKS Kesehatan Yannas Husada, Bangkalan, Indonesia

Bambang Yudi Cahyono
English Department, Faculty of Letters
Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, Indonesia

Utari Praba Astuti
English Department, Faculty of Letters
Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, Indonesia




Technology has big roles in this 4.0 era. It can be applied effectively in the teaching and learning process. This article examines the effect of applying whiteboard animation in project-based learning (PjBL) on English as a Foreign Llanguage (EFL) students’ English presentation skills, investigates whether the English presentation skills of EFL students who were taught by using whiteboard animation in PjBL differ significantly across creativity levels, and finds out whether there is interaction or not between the use of whiteboard animation and the students’ creativity levels on their English presentation skills. Fifty Indonesian vocational high school students from two intact classrooms were involved and randomly assigned to experimental and control groups by quasi-experimental design and factorial research design. The quantitative data were gathered from both groups through pre-test and post-test. The analysis showed that students who were taught through whiteboard animation in PjBL significantly outperformed those who were trained by using conventional media. It was also found that students’ creativity levels (little-c and mini-c) did not affect their English presentation skills. Then, there was no interaction between whiteboard animation in PjBL and students’ creativity levels on their English presentation skills. The findings of the study are expected to be useful for other English teachers especially those who want to apply the same method of teaching in order to achieve the students’ capacity for critical thinking, communication, collaboration, and creativity.
Keywords: creativity levels (little-c & mini-c), EFL students, English presentation skills, project-based learning, whiteboard animation

Cite as:  Suhroh, F., Cahyono, B. Y., & Astuti, U.P. (2020). Effect of Using Whiteboard Animation in Project-Based Learning on Indonesian EFL Students’ English Presentation Skills across Creativity Levels. Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Special Issue on CALL (6). 212-227. DOI:


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Fatimatus Suhroh is a student in the Graduate Program in English Language Teaching,
Universitas Negeri Malang, East Java, Indonesia. She works as an English teacher at Sekolah
Menengah Kejuruan Swasta (SMKS) Kesehatan Yannas Husada, Bangkalan, East-Java,
Indonesia. ORCHID:

Bambang Yudi Cahyono is a Professor in Applied Linguistics at the English Department,
Faculty of Letters, Universitas Negeri Malang, East Java, Indonesia. He earned his M A in
Applied Linguistics from Concordia University, Montreal, Canada and PhD in Linguistics and
Aplied Linguistics from the University of Melbourne Australia. ORCID: /0001-

Utari Praba Astuti is a senior faculty member of the English Department, Faculty of Letters,
Universitas Negeri Malang, East Java, Indonesia. She earned his M A from University of
London, England and Dr in English Language Teaching, Universitas Negeri Malang, East Java,
Indonesia. ORCID: