Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 9. Number 2. June 2018                                   Pp.  175-185
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol9no2.12

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Does Curriculum Help Students to Develop Their English Competence?
  A Case in Indonesia 

Dwi Poedjiastutie
Department of English and Education, University of Muhammadiyah Malang, Indonesia

 Fida Akhyar
Postgraduates Program, Department of English and Education
University of Muhammadiyah Malang, Indonesia

 Deviy Hidayati
Postgraduates Program, Department of English and Education,
University of Muhammadiyah Malang, Indonesia

Fajriyah Nurul Gasmi
Postgraduates Program, Department of English and Education,
University of Muhammadiyah Malang, Indonesia

 

Abstract:
To sustain its future competitive employment both at national and international level, Indonesia Government needs to invest more in its human resources. Therefore, education is the critical aspect to prepare highly educated and well-trained human resources for an innovation driven global competitiveness. In education, when curriculum fails to provide sufficient skills and competence for learners, human resources will not likely to move up to higher development level. This article aims at exploring the issues and challenges encountered by Indonesia government in improving the most crucial aspect needed for global competitiveness that is English communication competence. English communication level of Indonesian learners is considered low and satisfactory. Since Indonesian students obtain English from schools and classroom teaching, curriculum objectives should help them achieving the target of learning. However, there are three major issues found in Indonesia curriculum: top-down approach, the absence of Needs Analysis (NA) studies, and no curriculum evaluation. In nutshell, those three factors are suspected to contribute the underdeveloped English communication competences of Indonesian learners. In view of this, Indonesian can learn from other countries that have succeeded in reforming and developing English curriculum while taking into account the uniqueness of its own context.
Keywords: Curriculum development, English competence, challenges, Indonesian learners, Global competition 

Cite as: Poedjiastutie, D., Akhyar, F., Hidayati,D., & Gasmi,  F. N. (2018). I Does Curriculum Help Students to Develop Their English Competence? A Case in Indonesia. Arab World English Journal, 9 (2).
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol9no2.12

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Dwi Poedjiastutie is an English Lecturer at Department of English and Education, University of
Muhammadiyah Malang, Indonesia. She holds a PhD degree in education from Curtin
University, Australia. She has more than 20 years working experience in EFL teaching. Her
research interest includes curriculum development in EFL context, English for Specific Purpose
material development.