Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Special Issue on CALL Number 7. July 2021                       Pp.  377-389

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 Development of English Writing Skills through Blended Learning among ESL
Learners in Malaysia

Isyaku Hassan
Faculty of Languages and Communication
Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Terengganu, Malaysia

Ayuni Madarina Abdul Rahman
Faculty of Languages and Communication
Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Terengganu, Malaysia
Corresponding author: 

Mohd Nazri Latiff Azmi
Faculty of Languages and Communication
Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Terengganu, Malaysia


Received:5/13/2021                   Accepted: 7/19/2021                  Published: 7/26/2021

Developing writing proficiency is complex as students need to master specific rules and acquire certain skills. This complexity often obstructs students’ interest and eventually affects their comprehension and performance in language learning. Research has highlighted the significance of English as a Second Language (ESL), particularly in the Malaysian context. This study, therefore, aims to evaluate the effectiveness of blended learning in developing English writing skills, particularly among ESL learners at a Polytechnic in Malaysia. The study adopted quasi-experimental analysis in which pre-test and post-test were used as data-gathering instruments. The data were gathered from a purposive sample of 60 ESL students separated into an experimental group and a control group. The data were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test via the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). The findings showed that blended learning is significantly effective in developing writing performance among ESL students in the selected institution. Further analysis revealed a slight improvement among students who learned through the traditional approach. This study highlights useful findings that could be useful in designing English curriculums, particularly in higher institutions. However, this experiment focuses on students’ performance, further research may explore instructors’ practices in Malaysian higher intuitions.
Keywords: Argumentative essay, blended learning, ESL learners, Malaysia, polytechnic, writing performance

Cite as:   Hassan, I., Abdul Rahman, A. M. , & Azmi, M. N. L. (2021).  Development of English Writing Skills through Blended Learning among ESL Learners in Malaysia.   Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Special Issue on CALL (7).  377-389.


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Received: 5/13/2021
Accepted: 7/19/2021 
Published: 7/26/2021

Dr. Isyaku Hassan is a Postdoctoral Researcher in the Faculty of Languages and Communication, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA), Malaysia. His areas of research interest include media linguistics, media and religion, cultural communication, interactive media, and language studies.

Ayuni Madarina Abdul Rahman is a PhD candidate at the Centre for English Language Studies, Faculty of Languages and Communication, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA), Malaysia. She researches how blended learning impacts the teaching and learning of English in Malaysia. Her areas of research interests include English language studies and applied linguistics.

Dr. Mohd Nazri Latiff Azmi is an Associate Professor of English Language in the Faculty of Languages and Communication, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA), Malaysia. His areas of research interest include literacy and comparative literature, language studies, and applied linguistics.