Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Special Issue on Covid 19 Challenges April 2021         127 -135

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        Developing Elementary EFL Learners’ Procedural Knowledge and Strategic
Awareness in Reading Classes
during the Covid-19 Pandemic: Algerian Teachers’

Department of English, Faculty of Letters and Languages
Mouloud Mammeri University,
Tizi-Ouzou, Algeria


Recived: 3/6/2021                   Accepted: 4/9/2021                    Published:4/26/2021


The Covid-19 pandemic has affected educational systems worldwide, leading some scholars to scrutinise the consequences of lockdown and school closure on learners’ learning habits and teachers’ teaching practices. In this regard, this paper aims to explore the teachers’ challenges while implementing a reading strategy-based instruction for beginners during the Covid-19 pandemic, taking the Algerian middle schools as a case in point. It highlights the difficulties to achieving quality in developing learners’ procedural knowledge and strategic awareness in EFL reading classes. The leading approach to the issue is the interactive approach. To attain the objective of the research, the qualitative method was adopted. Classroom observation and structured interviews were used to collect data. The population targeted was composed of 20 teachers from 16 middle schools in Tizi-Ouzou. The collected data were subjected to qualitative content analysis. The results of the study reveal that most teachers are aware of the importance of reading strategy-based instruction. However, they do not teach them systematically or consistently. Indeed, lack of targeted teacher training, time constraints, and disregard of metacognitive instruction are likely to be obstacles to the efficient implementation of reading strategy-instruction. Furthermore, the Covid-19 pandemic has thrown up several psychological and cognitive learners’ difficulties, including decreased motivation and lack of cognitive focus, making the teaching process more challenging. The results imply a need for a revision of teachers’ professional development programs and a re-consideration of the elementary EFL courses.
Keywords: Algerian EFL learners, the Covid-19 pandemic, elementary reading classes,
procedural knowledge, strategic awareness, teachers’ challenges

Cite as:  AMMOUR, K. (2021).  Developing Elementary EFL Learners’ Procedural Knowledge and Strategic Awareness in Reading Classes during the Covid-19 Pandemic: Algerian Teachers’ Challenges. Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Special Issue on Covid 19 Challenges (1) 127-135.


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Received: 3/6/2021  
Accepted: 4/9/2021  
Published: 4/26/2021 

Dr Kamila AMMOUR is a senior lecturer at the department of English, Mouloud Mammeri University of Tizi-Ouzou. Her teaching areas include research methodology, academic writing, general linguistics, applied linguistics, phonetics, sociolinguistics, and ELT. She is now investigating issues pertaining to English Language Teaching and Critical Discourse Analysis.