Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 13. Number2.  June 2022                                             Pp.512-528
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol13no2.36

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Corpus-based Studies of Metaphor: An Overview 

Norasyikin Abdul Malik1,  Mohamad Syafiq Ya Shak2, Faizah Mohamad3,
Siti Aeisha Joharry4 

1,2Academy of Language Studies
Universiti Teknologi MARA Perak Branch, Perak, Malaysia

3,4Academy of Language Studies
Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia

 

Received:4/6/2022                      Accepted: 6/20/2022                    Published:6/24/2022

 

Abstract:
The researchers performed this systematic review to offer insights into the trend of the corpus-based approach in studying metaphor in recent years and investigate the potential gaps and under-researched areas in the past literature on the topic. Two research databases, namely Google Scholar and Academics, were explored to collect data. The analysis of metaphor-related research studies published between 2015 and 2020 revealed more than 78 studies dealing with the topic of investigation. After the screening process, 23 studies that met the research criteria were retained for analysis. The selected articles were further analyzed using the two-step analysis involving quantitative and qualitative approaches, i.e., descriptive statistics, and thematic analysis. The findings revealed that metaphor studies employing the corpus approach tend to use existing corpus like the Reference Corpus instead of a specialized corpus. In addition, metaphor studies in this review centered more on written discourse than spoken data. Furthermore, there is also a lack of information on the corpus tool employed in the examined studies. Meanwhile, the thematic analysis unearthed potential gaps and under-researched areas, such as limited studies on COVID-19 metaphor even though the outbreak had started at the end of 2019. Future studies on this research could include more specialized corpora, specifically in the under-researched topics, to fill in the gaps in this area of study.
Keywords: corpus approach, COVID-19 metaphor, metaphor, systematic review, thematic analysis

Cite as:  Abdul Malik, N., Ya Shak, M. S., Mohamad, F., & Joharry, S. A.    (2022). Corpus-based Studies of Metaphor: An Overview .
Arab World English Journal, 13 (2) 512-528.
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol13no2.36

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Received: 4/6/2022  
Accepted: 6/20/2022  
Published: 6/24/2022
https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol13no2.36

Norasyikin Abdul Malik is a lecturer at the Academy of Language Studies at Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) Perak Branch, Seri Iskandar, Malaysia. Her research interests include metaphor study, corpus linguistics, figurative language, and semantic. She is currently pursuing her PhD in Applied Linguistics. Orcid ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8867-547X
E-mail address: noras967@uitm.edu.my

Mohamad Syafiq Ya Shak, is a member of the Academy of Language Studies, UiTM Perak. the Academy of Language Studies at Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) Perak Branch, Seri Iskandar, Malaysia. His research interests include material development and evaluation, vocabulary learning, and corpus linguistics.Orcid ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4702-6633
E-mail address: moham381@uitm.edu.my

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Faizah Mohamad is senior lecturer at the Academy of Language Studies at Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) Shah Alam, Malaysia. Her research is situated in the field of technology enhanced learning, ICT in education, e-learning in higher education, and online education.  Orcid ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3029-6132
E-mail address: fareema@uitm.edu.my

Dr. Siti Aeisha Joharry is a senior lecturer at the Academy of Language Studies at Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) Shah Alam, Malaysia. Her expertise and interests, among other things, are corpus linguistics, applied linguistics, and critical discourse analysis. Aeisha teaches several English courses for degree students and supervise Master and PhD students.
Orcid ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1231-0589
E-mail address: aeisha@uitm.edu.my