Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 14. Number 3  September 2023                              Pp. 431-444

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  Comparative Analysis of Reading Text Readability in Chinese Junior High School English
Teaching Textbook Based on Corpus

Wu Mengyao
Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi 43600, Selangor, Malaysia

Helmi Norman
Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi 43600, Selangor, Malaysia
Corresponding Author:

Nor Hafizah Adnan
Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi 43600, Selangor, Malaysia


Received:05/17/2023         Accepted:09/06/2023                 Published: 09/24/2023


Readability is one of the important factors for students to consider when choosing a text to read. Based on a self-built corpus of Junior High School textbooks in China, this paper mainly investigates the differences in readability between reading texts in junior high school English textbooks. From vocabulary, sentence, and comprehensive indicators, this study makes quantitative statistics on the factors that affect the readability of English textbook texts to understand the readability of different textbook texts and to explore whether there are differences in the readability of eight textbooks. Finally, the results show significant differences in the readability of the eight editions of English readers. The average word length and new words rate are the highest in Popular Science Press, which reach 4.43 words and 8.40%, respectively. Among the average sentence length and the frequency of compound sentences, the Shandong Education Press has the highest, going 11.36 words and 11.03%, and confirmed that the Shandong Education Press has the highest difficulty. The textbook arranger can take the difficulty of the reading text into account once they have determined the readability of the text. They can then arrange or select a textbook appropriate for students, enabling them to comprehend and master the text more effectively.
Keywords: comparative analysis, Junior High School English teaching, textbook corpus, reading text readability

Cite as:  Mengyao, W., Norman, H., & Adnan, N. H.  (2023). Comparative Analysis of Reading Text Readability in Chinese Junior High School English Teaching Textbook Based on Corpus.  Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 14. Number 3  September 2023) 431-444.


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Received: 05/17/2023  
Accepted: 09/06/2023
Published: 09/24/2023 

Wu Mengyao is a Ph.D. student in the Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), majoring in Learning Techonology and Innovation. Her research foucus on English online learning and corpus linguistic, including study of Automatic Question Generation, textbook analysis, and curriculum research and so on. ORCID: Email:

 Associate Professor. Ts. Dr. Helmi Norman is currently the Deputy Director of Instructional Technologies for the Center of Teaching and Curriculum Development, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). He is also an Associate Professor at the Department of Teaching and Learning Innovations, Faculty of Education, UKM. His expertise is in the field of digital and futuristic education. ORCID: Email:

 Dr. Nor Hafizah Adnan is a senior lecturer of Educational Technology at the Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). Her areas of concentration are design and development of technology-enhanced learning environments, augmented reality in education, and teaching practices in technology-oriented curriculum. ORCID: Email: