Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume.7 Number.4  December, 2016            Pp. 97-  116
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol7no4.7

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Choice of Phonetic Variables, /k/ and [č], in Al-Jaroushia Speech Community, Palestine: A Socio-phonological Perspective

 Abdul-Rahman Qadan
Department of English
An-Najah National University, Nablus-Palestine

Ekrema Shehab
Department of English
An-Najah National University, Nablus-Palestine

Abstract:
This study aims to pinpoint the sex of the speakers as the most dominant social correlate intersecting with their socio-economic status (level and field of education and income level), addressee and age to determine the speaker’s choice of phonetic variables /k/ and [č] ] in Al-Jaroushia speech community, Palestine. It strongly suggests that females, rather than males, pioneer in a trend towards more frequent vocalizations of standard Arabic phonetic forms. In order to achieve the purpose of this study, data was collected from thirty eight respondents by using a CD Recorder that recorded the answers of the test questions: what is Nablus famous for, and what is a cat mostly afraid of? The answers are respectively /knafi/ (a kind of sweet which Nablus city is famous for) and /kalb/ (dog), in both of which /k/ could also be realized (articulated) as [č]. Another major tool was interviewing the respondents on different occasions and in different social status quos. The study obviously reveals that the sex of the speaker is the major, most influential social correlate governing their choice of /k/ and [č] inasmuch as it intersects with the speaker’s socio-economic status , addressee and age, setting up intricate patterns of social stratification.
Key words: sociolinguistics, social stratification, phonetic variables, social correlates

Cite as: Qadan, A. Shehab, E. (2016). Choice of Phonetic Variables, /k/ and [č], in Al-Jaroushia Speech Community, Palestine: A Socio-phonological Perspective. Arab World English Journal, 7(4)
DOI https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol7no4.7

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Dr. Ekrema Shehab is assistant professor of translation, coordinator of the MA program in
Applied Linguistics and Translation and Chair of the English Department at An-Najah National
University, Palestine. He holds a BA in English Language and Literature, an MA and PhD in
translation studies. His current research interests are literary and media translation,
sociolinguistics and pragmatics.