Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Special Issue on CALL Number 9. July 2023                    Pp. 135-146

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  Challenges and Difficulties Faced  by ESP Teachers in Teaching during COVID-19
Pandemic in Iraq

  Edhah Numan Khazaal
Department of International Economic Relations
College of Political Sciences,
University of Al-Nahrain, Baghdad, Iraq


Received 04/13/2023                 Accepted:07/05/ 2023                Published: 07/24/2024


E-teaching quickly became an essential way for educational institutions and universities during the global COVID-19 pandemic, as teaching during the breakdown has brought education to a new level. The present study aimed to investigate the challenges and difficulties faced ESP teachers in online teaching during the COVID-19 pandemic in Iraq and also clarify the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on changing the methods of teaching. The study is important to show the role of online teaching and the teachers’ barriers to online teaching. The study aims to answer the following question: Are there any challenges and difficulties faced the ESP teachers in e-teaching during the covid-19 pandemic? And what are the factors that cause these challenges and difficulties? The study is limited to ESP teachers at Al-Nahrain /College of political sciences during the academic year 2022-2023. The participants of this research are ESP teachers, who have been teaching English for specific purposes for years. Twenty ESP teachers were chosen randomly for this study. An online questionnaire and interview were designed by using Google Forms for this purpose. The data analyzed qualitatively. The results showed that there are many problems facing the ESP teachers in online teaching. These problems may be solved by acquiring training, technical skills, and the development of information and technology. The conclusion showed there are numerous challenges and difficulties face Iraqi teachers in teaching on-line.
Keywords: Challenges and difficulties, COVID-19 pandemic, ESP teachers, Google Forms, Online Teaching

Cite as: Khazaal, E. N.  (2023).  Challenges and Difficulties Faced by ESP Teachers in Teaching During COVID – 19 Pandemic in Iraq. Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Special Issue on CALL (9)135-146.


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Received: 04/13/2023 
Accepted: 07/05/ 2023    
Published: 07/24/2024  

Dr.  Edhah  Numan  Khazaal is a Professor of Applied Linguistics and ELT at the Department of International Economic Relations in the College of Political Sciences at Al-Nahrain University. Baghdad. Iraq. I received my Ph.D. degree in Applied Linguistics from the College of Education for Human Sciences (Ibn – Rushd), Baghdad University. I have been teaching English as a foreign language and English for Specific Purposes (ESP) since 2000 till current. I have several international publications.