Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 14. Number 1 March 2023 Pp.280-299
Bottom-up Processing to Help Learners with Decoding: Planning, Implementing, and
Reflecting on a Lesson
English Language Centre
University of Technology and Applied Sciences Al Musannah, Oman
Corresponding Author: email@example.com
Received:10/29/2022 Accepted:03/13/2023 Published: 03/24/2023
The researcher carried out the action research to experiment and experience the effectiveness of applying the theoretical aspects of bottom-up processing to help learners with decoding in listening lessons. The experimental lesson included six adult intermediate students (n = 6) from different backgrounds at an English language teaching professional development training undertaken at International House, Bangkok, Thailand in July 2021. The researcher planned the lessons after the literature review on bottom-up processing and surveying students’ needs and interests. The pre-lesson preparation included collecting the group profile, setting lesson aims and learning outcomes, analyzing the target language assuming learners’ existing knowledge, anticipating problems and solutions, planning the lesson procedures with appropriate teaching, and learning materials. and considering the timetable fit. The study aimed to find out the effectiveness of a listening lesson focused on bottom-up processing through self-reflection, and feedback from the observer, co-teachers, and students. The study was largely based on the collection of qualitative data through means of the researcher’s post-lesson reflection, and feedback from the observation, co-teachers, and students, which functioned as research tools in the study. The data analysis found that bottom-up processing was learner-engaging and beneficial to students’ positive perception of improving their listening skills. In addition, they provided the researcher with insights into the steps of planning and administering a listening lesson focused on bottom-up processing identifying areas of achievement and improvement.
Keywords: Bottom-up processing, decoding, lesson plan, listening, planning, implementing, reflecting
Cite as: Jose, J (2023). Bottom-up Processing to Help Learners with Decoding: Planning, Implementing,
and Reflecting on a Lesson. Arab World English Journal, 14 (1) 280-299.
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