Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 12. Number4   December 2021                   Pp.132 -141

Full Paper PDF 


Augmented Reality Mobile Application for Children with Autism : Stakeholders’
Acceptance and Thoughts

Haida Umiera Hashim
English and Linguistics Department, Academy of Language Studies
Universiti Teknologi Mara, Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia

Melor Md Yunus
Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Malaysia
Corresponding author :

Helmi Norman
Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Malaysia


Received:  8/27/2021              Accepted:  10/4/2021             Published:12/15/2021


American Psychiatric Association defined autism spectrum disorder as a neurological disorder due to which a diagnosed child may face difficulty in social communication or have a repeated or restricted set of behaviors. Learners with autism are primarily visual strategy learners, and they tend to learn better through pictures and images. Due to their cognitive disabilities, most learners with autism struggle to acquire new vocabulary. There have been many inventions invented by researchers all over the world to help autistic children with their education; however, not much emphasis put on the interventions that can assist autistic children with their English vocabulary learning process. Hence, this study intends to investigate the stakeholders’ acceptance and thoughts on the use of augmented reality mobile applications for children with autism. This study is a qualitative research study where interviews are used as an instrument to gather stakeholders’ views on the usefulness of the designed and developed augmented reality technology mobile application. This study involved seven respondents who come from different backgrounds and in different field areas. The results have gathered that the designed and developed mobile application has the prospect of helping children with autism with their English language learning process. With further improvements, the designed and developed mobile application is believed to be able to help autistic children to learn English vocabulary in a more exciting yet meaningful manner and at the same time help to spark their interest in their English vocabulary language learning process.
Keywords : autism spectrum disorder, augmented reality, English as Secondary Language learning, English vocabulary, mobile learning, mobile application

Cite as: Hashim, H. U., Md Yunus, M., & Norman, H.  (2021). Augmented Reality Mobile Application for Children with Autism : Stakeholders’ Acceptance and Thoughts.  Arab World English Journal, 12 (4)


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Received: 8/27/2021  
Accepted: 10/4/2021   
Published: 12/15/2021

Haida Umiera Hashim is a lecturer at the English and Linguistics Department, Academy of Language Studies, Universiti Teknologi Mara, Malaysia. She earned her bachelor’s degree and masters degree at the University of Malaya and Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) in the field of education (Teaching English as Secondary Language) respectively. She is currently pursuing her degree of philosophy (PhD) at the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia in the same area. ORCid ID : 5710-3401

Professor Dr. Melor Md Yunus is a Professor at the Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia and is currently the Deputy Dean (Research and Innovation) at the Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). She holds a B.A. in English (Linguistics) from the University of Nevada-Reno, USA and an M.A. in TESL from the Arizona State University, USA. She then earned her Ph.D. in Education (TESL) from the University of Bristol, UK. Her areas of concentration are TESL, language pedagogy and the use of technology in TESL. Her expertise is in the area of Technology-enhanced Language Learning (TELL). ORCid ID :

Associate Professor Dr. Helmi Norman is currently the Deputy Director of Instructional Technologies of the Center for Teaching and Curriculum Development, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) and currently drives the e-learning transformation in the university. He is also a senior lecturer at the Faculty of Education, UKM. His research interests are in the field of digital learning and futuristic education. He was awarded as an Apple Distinguished Educator for driving transformation of national projects for primary, secondary, and higher education in promoting 1:1 pedagogical and learning approaches using the Apple ecosystem. He is a certified Professional Technologist of the Malaysian Board of Technologists. Dr Norman’s global experience includes his appointment on the board of directors of the International Association for Blended Learning, which pioneers blended learning initiatives around the globe. He is also the pioneer of “dronagogy” in designing futuristic education with drone-based learning. ORCid ID :