Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 12. Number4   December 2021                   Pp.132 -141
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol12no4.9

Full Paper PDF 

 

Augmented Reality Mobile Application for Children with Autism : Stakeholders’
Acceptance and Thoughts

Haida Umiera Hashim
English and Linguistics Department, Academy of Language Studies
Universiti Teknologi Mara, Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia

Melor Md Yunus
Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Malaysia
Corresponding author : melor@ukm.edu.my

Helmi Norman
Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Malaysia

 

Received:  8/27/2021              Accepted:  10/4/2021             Published:12/15/2021

 

Abstract:
American Psychiatric Association defined autism spectrum disorder as a neurological disorder due to which a diagnosed child may face difficulty in social communication or have a repeated or restricted set of behaviors. Learners with autism are primarily visual strategy learners, and they tend to learn better through pictures and images. Due to their cognitive disabilities, most learners with autism struggle to acquire new vocabulary. There have been many inventions invented by researchers all over the world to help autistic children with their education; however, not much emphasis put on the interventions that can assist autistic children with their English vocabulary learning process. Hence, this study intends to investigate the stakeholders’ acceptance and thoughts on the use of augmented reality mobile applications for children with autism. This study is a qualitative research study where interviews are used as an instrument to gather stakeholders’ views on the usefulness of the designed and developed augmented reality technology mobile application. This study involved seven respondents who come from different backgrounds and in different field areas. The results have gathered that the designed and developed mobile application has the prospect of helping children with autism with their English language learning process. With further improvements, the designed and developed mobile application is believed to be able to help autistic children to learn English vocabulary in a more exciting yet meaningful manner and at the same time help to spark their interest in their English vocabulary language learning process.
Keywords : autism spectrum disorder, augmented reality, English as Secondary Language learning, English vocabulary, mobile learning, mobile application

Cite as: Hashim, H. U., Md Yunus, M., & Norman, H.  (2021). Augmented Reality Mobile Application for Children with Autism : Stakeholders’ Acceptance and Thoughts.  Arab World English Journal, 12 (4)
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol12no4.9

References

Ahsan, M. U., Nasir, M., & Abbas, J. (2020). Examining the Causes of Plastic Bags Usages and Public Perception about its Effects on the Natural Environment. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 10(10), 80-96. DOI:10.6007/IJARBSS/v10-i10/7919

Amor et al., (2019). International perspectives and trends in research on inclusive education: A systematic review. International Journal of Inclusive Education, 23(12), 1277-1295.

Andrunyk, V. (2020). Visualization of the content of information technologies: supporting the education of students with autism. ECONTECHMOD: An International Quarterly Journal on Economics of Technology and Modelling Processes, 9. 11-18.

Bakhtiarvand, M. (2021). The Impact of Augmented Reality on the Social Skills of Children with High Functioning Autism. Randwick International of Social Science Journal, 2(2), 156-160.

Bent, S et al., (2020). the experience of parents of children with autism spectrum disorder during the COVID-19 pandemic: A qualitative analysis. Reprints, Version 1. 1-13. Research Square. https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-46426/v1

Berenguer, C., Baixauli, I., Gómez, S., Andrés, M. D. E. P., & De Stasio, S. (2020). Exploring the impact of augmented reality in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder: A systematic review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(17), 6143. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176143

Bridges, S. A., Robinson, O. P., Stewart, E. W., Kwon, D., & Mutua, K. (2020). Augmented reality: Teaching daily living skills to adults with intellectual disabilities. Journal of Special Education Technology, 35(1), 3-14.

Castellon, F. A. (2021). Dual Identification: English Proficiency and Educational Placement of English Learners with Autism Spectrum Disorder, (Unpublished Doctoral dissertation). University of California, Los Angeles.

Cerdá, A. G et al., (2020). AUGMENTED REALITY IN INTERVENTION WITH PEOPLE WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER: PROTOCOL ACTIVITIES. DOI: 10.36315/2020end047

Chu, S. Y., Tang, K. P., McConnell, G., Mohd Rasdi, H. F., & Yuen, M. C. (2019). Public perspectives on communication disorders and profession of speech-language pathology. Speech, Language and Hearing, 22(3), 172-182. https://doi.org/10.1080/2050571X.2019.1570705

Dolah, J., & Chal, A. K. (2020). VISUAL SUPPORT FOR VOCABULARY ACQUISITION IN AUTISM. Turkish Journal of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, 32(3), 7200-7207.

Fatmawaty, R., Setyaningrum, R. R., & Faridah, F. (2021). Vocabulary Materials Based on Picture Media for Autistic Students. Linguistic, English Education and Art (LEEA) Journal, 4(2), 425-435.

Gokaydin, B., et al., (2020). Technology-Supported Models for Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET), 15(23), 74-84. https://doi.org/10.3991/ijet.v15i23.18791

Hashim, H. U., Yunus, M. M., & Norman, H. (2021). English As Secondary Language Learning and Autism Spectrum Disorder: The Obstacles in Teaching and Learning the Language. Arab World English Journal (AWEJ), 12(2), 22-30. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol12no2.2

Kawaguchi, S. (2021). Second Language Acquisition and Digital Learning in Asia. Asiatic: IIUM Journal of English Language and Literature, 15(1), 36-52.

Kellems, R. O., Charlton, C., Kversøy, K. S., & Győri, M. (2020). Exploring the Use of Virtual Characters (Avatars), Live Animation, and Augmented Reality to Teach Social Skills to Individuals with Autism. Multimodal Technologies and Interaction, 4(3), 48.

Khairuddin, K. F., Salleh, S. D., & Amin, A. S. (2020). Supporting Students with Autism in Tertiary Education: Malaysian Lecturers’ Views and Experiences. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 8(11A), 1-8.

Mahayuddin, Z. R., & Mamat, N. (2019). Implementing augmented reality (AR) on phonics-based literacy among children with autism. International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, 9(6), 2176-2181.

Maulana, R., & Bahruni, B. (2020). An Android-Based Vocabulary Model for Autism. IJISTECH (International Journal of Information System & Technology), 3(2), 221-226.

Nuske, H. J et al., (2019). Broken bridges—new school transitions for students with autism spectrum disorder: A systematic review on difficulties and strategies for success. Autism, 23(2), 306-325. doi: 10.1177/1362361318754529

Park, J., Bagwell, A. F., Bryant, D. P., & Bryant, B. R. (2021). Integrating Assistive Technology Into a Teacher Preparation Program. Teacher Education and Special Education, 08884064211001447.

Perrotta, G. (2019). Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): Definition, Contexts, Neural Correlates and Clinical Strategies. DOI: 10.23880/nnoaj-16000136

Salawazo, I. S et al.,(2020). Analysis of Students’ Vocabulary in Learning English. Linguistic, English Education and Art (LEEA) Journal, 3(2), 469-475. https://doi.org/10.31539/leea.v3i2.1017

Satari, N., Yasin, M. H. M., Toran, H., & Mohamed, S. (2020). Application Reading Module for Children with Disabiliy among Students with Non-Verbal Autism. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 10(3). DOI:10.6007/IJARBSS/v10-i3/7083

Scassellati, B., Admoni, H., & Matarić, M. (2012). Robots for use in autism research. Annual review of biomedical engineering, 14, 275-294. 10.1146/annurev-bioeng-071811-150036

Senouci, M., Obeidat, H., & Ghaouti, R. (2021). Autism spectrum as a communication disorder: A case study.African Educational Research Journal. Vol. 9(3), pp. 687-695, July 2021 DOI: 10.30918/AERJ.93.21.104

Susanto, A. (2017). The teaching of vocabulary: A perspective. Jurnal Kata: Penelitian Tentang Ilmu Bahasa Dan Sastra, 1(2), 182-191.

Travis, J., & Geiger, M. (2010). The effectiveness of the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD): A South African pilot study. Child Language Teaching and Therapy, 26(1), 39-59. DOI:  10.1177/0265659009349971

Tiley, C., & Kyriakopoulos, M. (2021). The prevalence of autism spectrum traits and autism spectrum disorders in children and adolescents with obsessive compulsive disorder: a systematic review. BJPsych Open, 7(S1), S56-S56. doi: 10.1192/bjo.2021.195

Yunus, F. W., Bissett, M., Penkala, S., Kadar, M., & Liu, K. P. (2019). Self-Regulated Learning versus Activity-based Intervention to Reduce Behavioral Problems and Enhance School-related Function for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Randomized Control Trial.  Research Square. Preprint. Version 1, 1-14. https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.2.11561/v1

Zuparova, S., Shegay, A., & Orazova, F. (2020). Approaches to Learning English as the Source of All. European Journal of Research and Reflection in Educational Sciences, 8(6), 102-107.

 

Share on facebook
Facebook
Share on twitter
Twitter
Share on linkedin
LinkedIn
Share on tumblr
Tumblr
Share on reddit
Reddit
Share on email
Email
Share on stumbleupon
StumbleUpon
Share on digg
Digg
Received: 8/27/2021  
Accepted: 10/4/2021   
Published: 12/15/2021 
https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol12no4.9
Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on tumblr
Share on digg
Share on email
Share on reddit
Share on stumbleupon
Share on vk

Haida Umiera Hashim is a lecturer at the English and Linguistics Department, Academy of Language Studies, Universiti Teknologi Mara, Malaysia. She earned her bachelor’s degree and masters degree at the University of Malaya and Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) in the field of education (Teaching English as Secondary Language) respectively. She is currently pursuing her degree of philosophy (PhD) at the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia in the same area. ORCid ID : https://orcid.org/0000-0002- 5710-3401

Professor Dr. Melor Md Yunus is a Professor at the Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia and is currently the Deputy Dean (Research and Innovation) at the Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). She holds a B.A. in English (Linguistics) from the University of Nevada-Reno, USA and an M.A. in TESL from the Arizona State University, USA. She then earned her Ph.D. in Education (TESL) from the University of Bristol, UK. Her areas of concentration are TESL, language pedagogy and the use of technology in TESL. Her expertise is in the area of Technology-enhanced Language Learning (TELL). ORCid ID : https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7504-7143

Associate Professor Dr. Helmi Norman is currently the Deputy Director of Instructional Technologies of the Center for Teaching and Curriculum Development, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) and currently drives the e-learning transformation in the university. He is also a senior lecturer at the Faculty of Education, UKM. His research interests are in the field of digital learning and futuristic education. He was awarded as an Apple Distinguished Educator for driving transformation of national projects for primary, secondary, and higher education in promoting 1:1 pedagogical and learning approaches using the Apple ecosystem. He is a certified Professional Technologist of the Malaysian Board of Technologists. Dr Norman’s global experience includes his appointment on the board of directors of the International Association for Blended Learning, which pioneers blended learning initiatives around the globe. He is also the pioneer of “dronagogy” in designing futuristic education with drone-based learning. ORCid ID : https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4717-3166