AWEJ Volume.5 Number.3, 2014                                                                     Pp.45-64

 Abstract PDF

 Full Paper PDF


Arab-American and Muslim-American Studies in Secondary Social Studies Curriculum


Monica M. Eraqi
Dakota High School, Michigan
United States



Arabs and Muslims live within the United States surrounded by misconceptions about their culture and religion, both of which seemed foreign to most Americans.  Arabs, like many immigrant groups who came to the United States, were not exempt from racist accusations.  They were viewed as a backward, violent, desert-dwelling people.   The media and Hollywood did their part to ensure that Arabs and Muslims on the big screen perpetuated these misconceptions through their movies, cartoons, and TV characters.   After the attacks on 9/11, many Americans realized, for the first time, how little they understood Arabs and Muslims.   This led many to raise questions about curricular needs concerning Arabs, Muslims, and the Middle East, as well as Arab and Muslim Americans living within U.S. borders.  This article discusses the mixed methods study, which consisted of 101 surveys of secondary social studies teachers from across the U.S. and contextual analysis of five U.S. history textbooks.
Keywords: Arab-Americas, Muslim-Americans, stereotypes, education, social studies curriculum, multicultural education


Monica M. Eraqi has a doctorate in Curriculum and Insrtruation with a concentration on ArabAmerican and Muslim-American studies from the University of Michigan – Dearborn. She is a
veteran social studies teacher at Dakota High School in Macomb, Mchigan, is a regular presenter
at the Arab-American National Museum, and has served as assistant professor of multicultural
education at Madonna University.