Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 13. Number3.  September 2022                              Pp.254-271
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol13no3.16

Full Paper PDF 

Applying Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modelling (PLS-SEM)
on Factors Affecting Language Students’ Desire to Learn 

Nor Shidrah Mat Daud
Department of English Language, Akademi Pengajian Bahasa,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam, Malaysia
Corresponding email: norshidrah@uitm.edu.my

Nuraihan Mat Daud
Department of English Language and Literature, Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human
Sciences, International Islamic University Malaysia (Retired)

Samshul Amry Abdul Latif
Department of Tourism, Kulliyyah of Languages and Management,
International Islamic University Malay

Jantima Simpson
Department of English, Faculty of Humanities, Naresuan University, Thailand

 

Received: 06/02/2022                        Accepted:08/09/2022                     Published: 09/24/2022

Abstract:
This study examines factors affecting students’ desire to learn the English language using Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modelling (PLS-SEM). This is to explain and predict students’ desire to learn. For this purpose, a questionnaire survey was conducted at two public universities in Malaysia and one in Thailand. The questionnaires were developed based on Gardner’s (2004) Attitude/Motivation Test Battery.  Only four subscales of the instrument were chosen for this study.  These were: desire to learn, instrumental motivation, foreign language anxiety and attitude towards foreign language.  It was found that although Attitude toward Foreign Language, Foreign Language Anxiety and Instrumental Motivation have small predictive relevance on Desire to Learn the English language, they are crucial in explaining the students’ desire to learn the language. The study indicates that the model is sufficiently reliable and consistent. When the groups were compared, the relationship between Instrumental Motivation and Desire to Learn was higher between International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM) and Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) students but the difference is not significant where IIUM and Naresuan University (NU) students were concerned. This study serves to model a quantitative empirical research method to explain and predict factors affecting desire to learn.
Keywords: Attitudes towards foreign language, desire to learn, foreign language anxiety, instrumental motivation;
Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modelling (PLS-SEM)

Cite as:  Mat Daud, N.S., Mat Daud, N., Abdul Latif, S.A., & Simpson, J. (2022). Applying Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modelling (PLS-SEM)  on Factors Affecting Language Students’ Desire to Learn. Arab World English Journal, 13 (3). 254-271.
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol13no3.16

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Received: 06/02/2022
Accepted: 08/09/2022
Published: 09/24/2022 
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3856-3605
https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol13no3.16     

Nor Shidrah Mat Daud received her Ph.D. in Education from University of Canterbury, New Zealand. She is an Associate Professor in the Department of English Language and Linguistics, Akademi Pengajian Bahasa, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia. Her research activities and interests include language assessments, critical thinking in language learning and language pedagogy. ORCid ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3856-3605

Prof. Dr. Nuraihan Mat Daud is the Founding Dean of the Faculty of Languages and Management, International Islamic University Malaysia. She was also the Chair of the Malaysian Public Universities Council of Language Deans and was the Chair of the panel that developed the Benchmark Standards for Language Programs for Malaysian Qualification Agency (MQA). ORCid ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4564-278X

Assistant Professor Dr. Samshul Amry bin Abdul Latif is currently attached with the Department of Tourism, Kulliyyah of Languages and Management, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM) in Pagoh campus. He graduated from the University of Otago, New Zealand.  His areas of interests include destination marketing, tourists’ behavior, tourism marketing and consumer boycott.  ORCid ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0791-8514

Jantima Simpson was Associate Dean, Academic and International Affairs, Faculty of Humanities, Naresuan University, Thailand. She is a research article reviewer for a number of English language journals in Thailand. She is also a member of Thailand TESOL. Her research interests include technology in a modern TEFL classroom, perception and motivation in language learning at all levels. ORCid ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5853-6962