Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 13. Number3.  September 2022                                             Pp. 445-466

Full Paper PDF 

 A Critical Discourse Analysis of a Selected Non-Governmental Organizations’ Report
on Violence against Women in Iraq

Sawsan Kareem Zghayyir Al-Saaidi
Department of English, College of Education for Women
University of Baghdad, Iraq

Isra’a Raheem Abdul-Hussain
Department of English, College of Education, University of Al-Qadisiyah, Iraq
Corresponding Author:

Received:05/22/2022         Accepted:09/12/2022                 Published:09/24/2022


Violence against women stands as one of the most dominant human rights violations. There are no social, economic, or national boundaries when it comes to violence against women. It is estimated that one in three women in the world will experience physical or sexual abuse at some point in their lives. Several non-governmental organizations’ reports have addressed the problem of violence against women in Iraq. Thus; the current study provides a critical analysis of the discursive techniques that are employed in the non-governmental organizations’ reports to show how Iraqi women are abused and subject to violence. Consequently; this study focuses on the linguistic and ideological underpinnings of a selected text on violence against women in Iraq. It attempts to show how language produces and maintains domination and abuse of power, engendering injustice, inequality, and ideological viewpoints. To answer this, the researchers draw upon van Dijk’s (2011) socio-cognitive approach and (2000) ideological analysis. The findings of the study have revealed that the non-governmental organizations’ report attempts to reflect the ideological position of the non-governmental organizations towards the Iraqi government, which declared its rejection of violence against women through its constitution and Panel Code. Despite this, the researchers have found that there is no actual adoption of these provisions in reality in its social context. Accordingly; the report has depended heavily on authority and evidentiality to show power relations and through the construction of reality based on societal perspectives. Using the linguistic and discoursal strategies employed in the analysis; the researchers have found that the report has materialized a negative attitude towards the government and society by referring to the power dominance which is exercised by social groups.
Keywords: critical discourse analysis, ideology, NGOs report, power relation, violence against women

Cite as:  Al-Saaidi, S. K.Z., & Abdul-Hussain, I.R. (2022). A Critical Discourse Analysis of a Selected Non-Governmental Organizations’ Report on Violence against Women in Iraq  Arab World English Journal, 13 (3). 445-466.


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Received: 05/22/2022  
Accepted: 09/12/2022  
Published: 09/24/2022

Dr. Sawsan Kareem Zghayyir Al-Saaidi is an assistant professor at Univesity of Baghdad, College of Education for Women\ English Departmnet. She obtained her Ph.d. in applied linguistics from Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)\ School of Languages, Literacies and Translation\. Her interest lies in discourse analysis, critical discourse analysis, contrastive studies, political speeches and genre analysis. She published more than 20 papers in applied linguistics in different local and international journals.

Isra’a Raheem got her BA. In English language from University of Al-Qadisiyah. She is currently a MA. Candidate at the University of Al-Qadisiyah\ College of Education. Her interest lies in women studies and critical discourse analysis.